Native americans in california missions

Prior to the California missions, there were aboutNative Californians. The massive amounts of wealth that the Spanish acquired through their conquests of Mexico and Peru inspired expeditionary forces to move north into Florida, New Mexico, and California.

By there remained about 15, resident neophytes in the 21 missions. The Franciscan order was selected to establish the missions of Alta California and the first mission was founded at San Diego inand others followed toward the north, the last being Sonoma Mission, established in The Native Americans were not worked to death like the slaves in southern United States at this time.

With no acquired immunity to the new European diseases, and changed cultural and lifestyle demands, the population of Native American Mission Indians suffered high mortality and dramatic decreases especially in the coastal regions where population was reduced by 90 percent between and The Franciscan missions were basically slave plantations which required the Indian people to work for the Spanish under cruel conditions.

Although such punishments were not uncommon in contemporary Spanish Native americans in california missions, they were quite a departure from traditional Native American practices.

These natives lived in over 50 villages, each of which held from fifty to two-hundred natives. California Indian people are central to contemporary life. The mission Indians that survived disappeared into the general population. One of these Spanish institutions was repartimiento.

California’s Mission Indians

Inthe Spanish governor outlined the causes for the high Indian mortality rates in the missions: Local tribes were relocated and conscripted into forced labor on the mission, stretching from San Diego to San Francisco. Later, missions were used as U.

The formation of large communities facilitated the conversion to Catholicism of the Indians. In reality, the Missions were not a place to live a life of ease nor was it a place to acquire personal fortune and prosperity.

The Spanish intent was to expropriate not only Indian lands and resources, but Indian labor as well. Mission Architecture The mission period greatly influenced architecture in California.

However, his criticizers argue that he used force to urge the Native Americans to live at the Missions against their will. Leaders of the rebellion were severely punished. From the viewpoint of the Spanish, Indians were a form of labor which could be exploited.

Building religious based Missions all throughout California was a way for them to maintain ultimate social, political, and economic control.

The death rate was probably enhanced by the lack of medical attention. A third factor, which strongly intensified the effect of the other two, was the social and physical disruption visited upon the Indian.

Elders teach younger generations how tend plants to yield traditional foods and basket weaving materials. The lifestyle in the California Missions was set in a very rigorous schedule so it was nearly impossible for the Native Americans to take a break or escape the hardship.

In addition, they learned carpentry, leatherworkers, smiths, and farm work.

California Missions

An American ship's capitan noted that the "christianizing padres Although the California Missions had the right intentions of providing for the Native Americans, the Spanish acted in an inhumane and unfair way.

The Franciscans maintained total economic, social, and political control all throughout California. Where the thread of memory has broken, California Indians are reviving traditions through research and practice.

Native Americans used all-natural materials, such as stone, timber, mud brick, adobe and tile to build mission structures. Besides the padres and military personnel, the missions were closed Native American communities. Disease, starvation, over work, and torture decimated these tribes.

Although there was a mission system and the Padres who administered them did so under established guidelines, there was much regional variation. Native Americans made up about one-third of those who lived and worked at the Missions.

There were an estimatedIndians living in California during the 16th century. The Spanish provided the Native Americans with the necessities such as food, clothing, and shelter.

A History of American Indians in California: Thus, "it should be clear, then, that the missions of California were not solely religious institutions.

They were, on the contrary, instruments designed to bring about a total change in culture in a brief period of time." Native revivals are known to have occurred as in the Santa Barbara. California Indians, Before, During, and After the Mission Era Introduction The California Missions Foundation is committed to the full and accurate depiction of history in early California.

CMF will continue to work with California Indian scholars, leaders, and cultural experts to develop this site into a robust source of information about California Indian experiences.

Dec 21,  · Watch video · The California missions began in the late 18th century as an effort to convert Native Americans to Catholicism and expand European territory.

The Native Americans in this region were converted in large numbers in the s. Before the century was out the native villages had largely disappeared for a number of reasons: the Indians had joined one of the missions, were working for settlers, had died from European diseases or had fled to the interior.

In the California missions, the new European diseases-smallpox, mumps, measles, malaria- killed many of the Indians who were forced to live there. The Mission Indians also died from respiratory ailments and illnesses caused by poor sanitation.

Native americans in california missions
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California’s Mission Indians | Native American Netroots